Located between in Avenue Infante Dom Henrique and Bairro de Alfama, the Campo das Cebolas, one of the most historical and beloved areas of Lisbon.
If before, the cluttered parking like palm trees and disabled power lines were main landscape, now, it was transformed to a new convivial city space with trees, benches and kiosks. It was made in a way, that you can find many ages of the history of Lisbon in Campo das Cebolas.
Historically, in the Campo das Cebolas area, it was once water, and over time the city has expanded to the river side. This way, this local presents a lot of vestiges frm the advance of Lisbon to the south, with many curiosities. Aspects such as a mural built after the earthquake of 1755, a ladder leading to the river, remains of a 17th century fort, remains of market stalls, remains of a well and a late 19th century pier are some records that may be found at this location.
In the center of the square is the historic mural, built after the earthquake that serves as a wall to the parking lot. Adjacent to the port, some remains of Forte da Ribeira, a building that existed right next to what is now the Ministry of Finance. More than the seventeenth century, which appears in the panel of tiles “Great panorama of Lisbon”, manufactured in 1700, one of the best ways to know the capital before the earthquake. The material of the sixteenth century, such as jewelry, shoes and pins and gold coins, are aspects and points of interest that you can find even more fascinating.
What is most surprising and a sight of visit is the structure of the old pier, built after the 1755 earthquake with three stairs, and a boat 17 meters long and three wide. Its origin, since the beginning of the nineteenth century, this regional boat for the transport of food and cortias in the river Tejo, was found almost complete and the landfill mud allowed the ship to be preserved.
In Campo das Cebolas, there is also an old palace for the newborns of Coculim (now transformed into hotel) is a proof of a sixteenth-century Lisbon. Built in the sixteenth century, today it is just remains, everything was destroyed with the earthquake and the rest with successive residential occupations. It is possible to see a wall with arch in ogiva, a tavern of the XIX century. The most visible Roman presence is the ruins of a house of the second century, whose mosaic floor is well preserved. Along the ground floor, in the mural room, the Romans built between the fourth and fifth century and there is a large part of the old Roman city of the same period, visible in a room on the first floor, decorated with an engraving of Lisbon before the earthquake. One can also find a source tank, a well that was used until the occupation and the part of the sidewalk that went down to the river. To visit these historic wonders, it’s a Sunday luxury, only in this day is open to the public.
Everything in one place, where you can contemplate and observe a mix between modernity and history in the city of Lisbon.
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